The Past As Prologue

  • Government and Private Education: A Brief Historical Perspective
  • Private Higher Education in the Philippines: A Brief Profile

Political and Diplomatic Background: from War Damage Fund to Education Fund

  • Origins of the War Damage Claims
  • Philippine-American War Claims Negotiations
  • The Philippine War Damage Act
  • The Special Fund for Education
  • Plans for the Special Fund

An Idea Becomes A Reality

  • The COCOPEA Project Proposal
  • The Department of Education Project Proposal
  • Towards the Formulation of the Fund for Assistance to Private Education Project Proposal (FAPE)
  • Envoi to FPEP

Organizing for Assistance

  • PEAC is Organized
  • Investment Operations
  • Organizing the Staff
  • Administrative Expenses


by Bonifacio S. Salamanca

The Fund for Assistance to Private Education was a part of the Special Fund for Education set aside by the American government in 1963 from the surplus funds authorized by the War Damage Act of 1962. The latter, in turn, was actually a supplement to the Philippine Rehabilitation Act of 1946, which authorized the payment of private claims to damages sustained during the Second World War.

At the vanguard of this movement were three prominent Ateneo Jesuits, namely: Reverends John W. McCarron, Pacifico A. Ortiz, and Thomas R. Fitzpatrick. Each performed distinct, although at times overlapping, roles: Fr. McCarron’s was to convince the American government to accept the basic principle that private education in the Philippines was entitled to a share of the Special Fund; Fr. Ortiz’s role was primarily that of mobilizing the private schools and institutionalizing their efforts to tap the Special Fund; while Fr. Fitzpatrick’s special concern was the search for the best possible formula that would assure optimum earnings of the Fund earmarked for assistance to private education.